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 Situated at the crossroads of three great rivers – the Mekong, Tonle Sap, and Bassac – Phnom Penh is the heart of a country steeped in tradition, overflowing with rice paddies, jungles, and rural communities. Once a sleepy backwater, Phnom Penh, now, buzzes with commercial activity as the country develops after years of isolation. Old French colonial mansions stand alongside newly emerging designs, which make the city’s mixed architecture and communities fascinating to explore.


Cambodian Riel (KHR): 1 KHR = 10 kak = 100 sen


Ambulance: +855 023 724 891 (or 119 if you have a Cambodian phone number).

Police: +855 023 366 841 - +855 023 720 235 (or 117 if you have a Cambodian phone number).

Fire: +855 023 723 555 (or 118 if you have a Cambodian phone number).


The Cambodia Daily:
The Phnom Penh Post (bi-monthly):


Most shops are open Monday to Sunday from 8am–7pm. Markets open from 6am–5pm. Stores and markets are only closed on public holidays.


2.281 million (2023)

The City

Phnom Penh took its name from a legendary tale involving a woman called Penh, who is said to have discovered four Buddhas washed ashore by the great river.

Following French colonisation in 1869, which lasted until King Norodom Sihanouk declared independence in 1953, the city underwent significant urban development, marked by the construction of impressive villas and wide avenues that now define its city centre.

However, the vibrant atmosphere of the 1960s was abruptly disrupted on April 17, 1975, when the Khmer Rouge seized control of the country, causing Phnom Penh to empty almost overnight. After four years, Cambodians returned to rebuild their capital from a small riverside village into the bustling commercial hub it is today.

Despite its growth, Phnom Penh retains its unique charm as an unspoiled Asian gem, where cyclo drivers navigate through a sea of motorbikes, embodying the city's dynamic spirit.

temple in Phnom Penh Tepikina Nastya /

Do & See

Spend a day walking through the historical streets surrounding the Royal Palace, ride a tuk-tuk hopping from market to market, and end your day gazing at the shimmering lights reflecting off the Tonle Bassac. The city’s life never ceases as the old and the new live alongside each other.

Xuanlu Wang/

Royal Palace and Silver Pagoda

Suzi Kim/Unsplash

Wat Phnom

Chelms Varthoumlien/Unsplash

The Killing Fields & Choeung Ek Memorial


National Museum of Cambodia

JM Travel Photography/

Phnom Chisor Temple

Peter Stuckings/

Independence Monument

Tepikina Nastya/

Wat Ounalom


Tuol Sleng Museum


Phnom Tamao Zoological Park and Wildlife Rescue Center (PTWRC)


Yoga Phnom Penh

typical Cambodian food GuoZhongHua /


Composed by a mix of Thai and Vietnamese cuisine, Cambodian cuisine is varied, simple and delicious. A diet is usually based on fish and soups while the local food offers healthy and abundant Asian surprises. Khmer highlights are fish amok (fish cooked in coconut) and barbecued beef, which can be found on most street corners in the early evening around the Central Market. As the city is made up of many communities including Vietnamese, Chinese and Expatriates, there is a variety of delicacies and restaurants catering to a large expatriate community.

GuoZhongHua /

Khmer Surin

Jacek Chabraszewski /

FCC (Foreign Correspondents Club)

Joshua Resnick/

Pho de Paris Restaurant


Boat Noodle

Mauro Pezzotta/

Do Forni


Just like Siem Reap, Phnom Penh is a haven for fruit lovers. From mangoes of all shapes and sizes to delicious mangosteens. All markets have a fruit section, and sellers walk along most main streets selling fresh papaya, pineapple, and whichever fruit is in season. However, you will still find cafés serving a strong cup of coffee and Western-style pastries.

Hans /

The Shop 240 /

Feel Good Café

cocktails in a bar View Apart /

Bars & Nightlife

Known for being a city without limits, Phnom Penh’s reputation as a nightspot rings true. With the local population out and about at night after years of unrest, bars and clubs have mushroomed in the last years.

Minerva Studio/

Heart of Darkness

453169 /

Elephant Bar


Score! Bar & Grill

Thoom /

Le Moon Rooftop Bar


Phnom Penh has an eclectic shopping scene. Some major international clothing chains have already hit the town, and with the several bustling markets and diverse communities, everything is here—from fragrant markets to modern malls.

kowit sitthi/

Street 240

Etienne Hartjes /

Tuol Tompoung Market


Central Market

Blend Images/

Sorya Center Point

Norbert Braun/Unsplash

Night Market


Aeon Mall

Tourist Information

Best Time to Visit

Cambodia has rainy weather for half of the year and dry weather for the other half. The seasons can be subdivided into dry-cool (November-January), dry-hot (February-May), rainy-hot (May-September) and rainy-cool (October-November). You will find the best weather in the dry-cool season, with an overall average temperature of 26°C—this is the most popular time to go.

The rainy-cool season can be an alternative if you want to avoid the crowds of tourists—the green landscapes boast beautiful colours during this time. However, so much rain might be uncomfortable for some, and if you are planning day trips, be aware that water may flood the streets and make it impossible to reach smaller, remote places. The rainiest months are August and September.





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Passport / Visa

Visas to Cambodia are available at airports and land borders, as well as online for citizens of most countries. In order to obtain one, make sure you can provide a passport valid for at least six months and a passport-sized photo for your visa. Visitors from an ASEAN member country do not need a visa to enter Cambodia, as long as they have a valid passport.

It's essential for travellers to check the latest visa requirements and entry regulations from the nearest Cambodian embassy or consulate or through official government channels before planning their trip to Cambodia.





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Phnom Penh International Airport (PNH)

Phnom Penh International Airport (PNH) lies approximately 10 km from the city centre. The easiest way to get to and from the airport is by taxi. It takes around 20-40 minutes depending on traffic. You can also take a tuk-tuk. Whatever alternative you choose, you can buy a coupon inside the airport terminal to avoid the hustle outside.

Address: Phnom Penh International Airport


Phone: +855 23 862 800


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Health and Safety Advice

While vaccinations are not mandatory for entering Cambodia, they are highly recommended, along with bringing essential medications from home, as they may not be readily available in Phnom Penh.

It's crucial to have comprehensive travel insurance as healthcare in Cambodia can be costly, with upfront payments required, posing significant challenges in emergencies. Stay safe by avoiding tap water, opt for bottled water instead. Be sure to also pack (or buy there) an insect repellent to fend off mosquito-borne diseases.





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Public Transport

Although many visitors still often use tuk tuks, cyclos or taxis to move around the city, the municipality of Phnom Penh has recently re-opened the 'Phnom Penh City Bus', an efficient public bus service that is a bit slower, but more comfortable than the alternatives. Moreover, they don't require you to negotiate prices with the driver, as other means of transport do. Bus tickets are cheap, and you can find transport apps on your phone.





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Tuk Tuks, Cyclos & Motorbikes

Navigate the bustling streets of Phnom Penh with ease by opting for traditional modes of transportation like tuk-tuks or cyclos. Tuk-tuks, a motorised vehicle common in Cambodia, offer convenient and flexible travel options, though agreeing on a price beforehand is essential. Alternatively, cyclos, typically operated by elderly countryside dwellers, offer a slower but more scenic journey through the city at a slightly lower cost than moto-taxis. For added convenience, phone apps are available to hail tuk-tuks and taxis. While motorbike rides are popular for exploring, caution is advised due to the city's chaotic traffic and lax adherence to road regulations.





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There are two types of taxis in Phnom Penh, those with a meter and those without. You can find them outside major hotels or close to the tourist attractions. If you choose a taxi without a meter, always agree on a price before you start the journey.

Phnom Penh Taxi
+855 17 757 800

Phnom Penh Taxi Drivers
+855 92 994 227





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At the main post offices in the city, you can buy stamps and receive help for sending parcels. Always watch the carrier put the stamp on your postcard, letter, or parcel, otherwise, there might be a risk it will not reach its destination.

Address: Cambodia Post - Corner of Street 13 and Street 102, Sangkat, Phnom Penh


Phone: +855 023 428 080


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One of the biggest pharmacies in Phnom Penh is Pharmacie de la Gare, which is located next to the railway station at:
124, Preah Monivong Boulevard (93), Phnom Penh
+855 92 711 771
Opening hours: daily 8am–7pm

UCare Pharmacy is part of a recently opened pharmacy chain and offers one of the largest stock of medicine (from France) in town.

Address: UCare Pharmacy - 26-28 Sothearos Boulevard corner St. 178, Phnom Penh


Phone: +855 95 888 531


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Country code: +855

Area Code: 23





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230 V, 50Hz





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